Field Schools


International Field School on Asian Heritage (IFSAH)

 

There had been 3 successful IFSAH programs in the past.

 

1st IFSAH being held in Thailand organised by the King Mongkut Institute of Technology at Ladkrabang, Bangkok which covers a three week intensive program (5th to 24th August 2002), attended by participants from Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia and India.

 

2nd IFSAH was held in Malaysia from 21st August to 07th September 2003 organised by the Urban Design and Conservation Research Unit of the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia and sponsored by the Japan Foundation.  2nd IFSAH field visits cumulated in an international symposium entitled “Learning from Local Community’s Experience” which was well attended by local community leaders from Japan, Taiwan, India, Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia who came to share their experience with the participants.

 

3rd IFSAH organised by the Nehru Cultural Foundation was held in Northwest India for the period of 2 weeks from 14th to 30th January 2005.  Since 3rd IFSAH was preceded by an unfortunate event of the December 2004 tsunami incident, the field trip ended with a symposium dedicated entirely to discuss the “Post Disaster Management of Heritage Entities” which representatives from Phuket, North Sumatra (representing Acheh), Ahmedabad, Taipei and Kobe shared their experience with participants that came from Malaysia, Indonesia, Taiwan, India and Thailand.

 

4th IFSAH It is the turn of the Centre for Heritage Management at Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta to hold 4th IFSAH but was unfortunately called off because of the terrible earthquake disaster in June.  The following account will indicate the IFSAH secretariat’s desire to hold 4th IFSAH in Yogyakarta in aid to the aftermath from the terrible disaster.

 

 

4th IFSAH PROGRAM:

 

The 4th IFSAH program was scheduled to be organized by the Yogyakarta Heritage Trust in 27 August to 07 September this year but owing to the tragic earthquake that occurred there in June, the organizer is unable to carry out the scheduled program.  It was initially suggested that the program be postponed indefinitely.  The secretariat for IFSAH finds that to postpone the event is almost like disserting the colleagues in Yogyakarta when it is actually the crucial time that IFSAH should be rendering help and support to overcome the losses during the tragic earthquake.  Therefore this proposal is initiates as a counter proposal, to initiate a program called “Post Earthquake Damage Survey and Revitalisation Program” in the Cultural Village of Kotagede, Yogyakarta, which had suffered severe damage during the last earthquake.

 

Amidst other World Heritage sites and other cultural properties in and around Yogyakarta, Kotagede is the most neglected and difficult to manage as it is not in the World Heritage list and therefore does not attract monetary aids or experts to help its revitalization.  Members of the Yogyakarta Heritage Trust and the Centre for Heritage at Gadjah Mada University are really concern about this site and have furnished the IFSAH secretariat with information in the hope that we can reorganize the 4th IFSAH program to give priority in helping them find solutions to deal with the complex issues pertaining Kotagede heritage properties restoration.

 

 

CONTENTS OF THE 4th IFSAH

 

Aim of Project: The 4th IFSAH i8s intended to assist the Yogyakarta Heritage Trust and the Centre for Heritage Conservation of Gadjah Mada University in finding the best solution to handle the conservation of the heritage settlement of Kotagede after the damaged incurred during the June 2006 earthquake.

 

It is really difficult to judge the conditions at Kotagede by looking at photographs and the information gathered by colleagues in Yogyakarta.  It is therefore necessary that the entire team of experts and assistants from IFSAH to assess first hand on the degree of damage in Kotagede before attempting to suggest appropriate line of action.  It is understood that this visit may not be able to fully comprehend the convoluted situation as it also involves the entire aspects of the socio-economic framework of the community living in the area.  Therefore, taking into account on the range of complex situation that may be involved, the following scope of contents are anticipated:

 

  1. To obtain enough preliminary information about the physical conditions at Kotagede and the prospect of initiating the community into a self help program of actions. This can be done by a pilot visit to the site and together with the assistance from the members of the Yogyakarta Heritage Trust and the Centre for Heritage Conservation UGM, interview the community representatives of Kotagede on the type of assistance needed.

 

  1. To conduct a damage assessment survey in Kotagede or part of the village, evaluating the extent of work required in restoring back the physical fabric of the place. This may itself be a preliminary assessment to help gauge the future plan of action as the nature of damage itself may need a long term effort to manage.

 

  1. To envisage the best possible strategy of action in revitalising the whole heritage village taking into account the complex nature of the socio-economic make up of the area.

 

It is hoped that with the short time spent in Yogyakarta, the IFSAH team can elaborate in all manner of their expertise and experience, the best plan of actions for short and long-term solutions in revitalising Kotagede and its community.

 

Background of IFSAH

 

With diverse and unique characteristics of the Asian heritage, philosophies and perception, several contention were made as regards to the suitability of applying international standards on restoration and the management of cultural resources in Asia and especially ASEAN countries. In most circumstances the concept formulated with western ideals cannot be easily adhered to by the countries in this regions because aforementioned diversity in characteristics and political / administrative systems. There is a need among Asian societies to share their own experiences and to act in complementary to each other in establishing the appropriate “Asian Chapter” for cultural resource conservation and management.

 

With the growing popularity of “cultural tourism”, many Asian countries are taking advantage of this prospect by realising their own uniqueness and exploiting these cultural identities for the sake of economic returns. What was once rather “common” entities, which commanded no particular interests among the local residents can suddenly turned out into an over aspiring sensation for the tourists’ attractions. Traditional trading activities, old town centres / streets, quaysides, and not to mention monuments of past civilisation that were generally neglected and unprotected became valuable entities for most of these countries.

 

The overzealous efforts to promote all these fixtures as tourists’ attraction have some major drawbacks. As places became more exposed to tourists constrains are inevitable and certain standards of maintenance are often expected. Unfortunately the case of Asian countries, this aspiration cannot be put in the right perspective, as there are other immediate priorities to handle. Largely being poor, economic priorities take a centre stage and heritage conservation is generally seen as a privilege rather than a necessity. In most cases as heritage conservation is outwardly interpreted from the “western” models that it became a huge task for any authorities to adhere to completely.

 

The Objectives IFSAH:

IFSAH was formulated with the following objectives:

  • To exchange the experiences in cultural heritage planning and management in many Asian countries that will facilitate the development of “Asian standards” for cultural heritage planning and management.
  • To understand and investigate tangible cultural heritage sites ranging from those listed World Heritage sites to small urban historic quarters.

 

Up Coming IFSAH – 4th IFSAH JOGJAKARTA

20 – 28 FEBRUARY 2007 – Masterplan for the Revitalisation of Kotagede, Yogyakarta

 

 

1st IFSAH – THAILAND 2002 – Phuket, Bangkok, Ayuthayya, Kamphaeng Phet, Sukothai.

 

2nd IFSAH – WEST MALAYSIA 2003 and International Symposium on Asian Heritage – Learning from Local Community’s Experience

 

3rd IFSAH – NORTH WEST INDIA –

 

Upcoming 4th IFSAH – YOGYAKARTA 20 – 28 FEBRUARY 2007 – Masterplan for the Revitalisation of Kotagede, Yogyakarta

 

 

Anticipation of 4th IFSAH

 

It is hoped that with the short time spent in Yogyakarta, the IFSAH team can elaborate in all manner of their expertise and experience, the best plan of actions for short and long-term solutions in revitalising Kotagede and its community.

 

An appropriate time to begin any form of assessment and survey will be after the Eid-ul Fitr celebration when the community will be more at ease and ready to accept visitors into their settlement.  Therefore, the tentative date for the 4th IFSAH shall be from 20 – 28 February 2007.  The tentative schedule are as follows:

 

 

Program Of 4th IFSAH (Tentative Activities)

 

20 February 2007

 

arrival of delegates from Japan, India, Malaysia, Taiwan and Thailand.

 

 

21 February 2007

 

Morning: Briefing by members of Centre for

 

Heritage Conservation, UGM and Yogyakarta

 

Heritage Trust concerning the current state of

progress in Kotagede. This is followed by

 

discussion.

 

Afternoon: visit Kotagede and meet the

community representative to discuss some

preliminary plan of action.

 

 

 

22 February 2007

 

Morning till afternoon:  Field survey – Damage Assessment Survey – understanding the context of the site.

 

Night: Progress discussion

 

 

23 February 2007

 

Morning: Discussion on Strategic Master Plan – the overall concept of approach. Leading the discussion will be Professor Dr. Ikuo KOBAYASHI, Kobe Yamate University and is with CO-Plan Company, urban planner, and is famous for his work after Kobe earthquake.

 

Afternoon: Progress discussion

 

Night: Progress discussion

 

 

24 February 2007

 

Morning: Discussion on Strategic Master Plan – the human factor – rehabilitation strategy.  Leading the discussion will be Professor Dr. Fred CHIU Yen Liang, Taiwan National University, a Social Anthropologist.

 

Afternoon: Progress discussion

 

Night: Progress discussion

 

 

 

25 February 2007

 

Morning and Afternoon:  Discussion on the

Physical

 

Master Plan Expert workshop to outline

community help action plan

 

Strategising revitalisation formula for Kotagede

 

 

26 February 2007

 

Morning and Afternoon:  Discussion on the

Physical Master Plan

Expert workshop to outline community

help action plan

 

Strategising revitalisation formula for Kotagede

 

Night: Preparation of report

 

27 February 2007

 

Morning and Afternoon:  Strategising

revitalisation formula for Kotagede – Preparation

of report

 

Presentation of report to the local community

 

Night: Dinner with community representatives

 

Secretariat:

 

Associate Professor Dr. Syed Zainol Abidin IDID,

Urban Design & Conservation Research Unit (UDCRU)

Faculty of Built Environment

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

 

Mr. Debashish NAYAK

Urban Heritage Conservation Advisor

Ahmedabad Municipal Council

Gujarat,  India

 

Dr. Laretna Trisnantari ADISHAKTI

Centre for Heritage Conservation

Universitas Gadjah Mada

Yogyakarta

Indonesia

 

Associate Professor Dr. Yongthanit PIMONSATHEAN

Architecture and Urban Planning

King Thamasat University

Thailand

 

Advisors :

 

Professor Dr. Yukio NISHIMURA,

Urban Design Laboratory,

Department of Urban Engineering,

The University of Tokyo

 

Madam Alice CHIU Rhu Hwa,

Cultural Heritage Advisor, Taiwan.

 

IDID, Syed Zainol Abidin

 

NAYAK, Debashish

 

ADISHAKTI, Laretna

 

PIMONSATHEAN, Yongthanit